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domenica 17 maggio 2015

Preparativi di guerra nel Mediterraneo, domani vertice dei ministri UE per definire gli "interventi militari mirati" in Libia, al di fuori della legalità internazionale. Aumenta il numero dei migranti bloccati dalle autorità libiche prima della partenza.


Domani lunedì e martedì, riunione di ministri degli esteri e della difesa dell'Unione Europea. Al di fuori dei trattati internazionali e senza mandato delle Nazioni Unite, si programma un intervento militare in territorio libico. Da subito dovrebbero partire operazioni di blocco e distruzione dei barconi in acque internazionali. In nome del contrasto alle reti di trafficanti. Ma non ci crede nessuno, sono in gioco interessi economici e militari ben più importanti.

"European Union plans for a military campaign to smash the migrant smuggling networks operating in Libya include options for ground forces on Libyan territory, according to the contents of a confidential strategy paper that will be up for discussion by EU ministers tomorrow and on Tuesday.
A joint session of EU foreign and defence ministers is to decide on the mission tomorrow, followed the next day by a meeting of defence chiefs from EU countries. The military package would then need to be approved by heads of government at an EU summit next month.
During Monday's meeting, Malta, given its proximity to Libya, could very well be proposed to host the operation's "headquarters and command and control of the proposed mission", which, according to the paper, ministers is set to identify on Monday".
"Italy, however, is expected to take command of the operation and as such, it could also be expected to play host to the headquarters".

http://www.independent.com.mt/articles/2015-05-17/local-news/EU-ministers-meet-tomorrow-to-consider-ground-action-in-Libya-strikes-on-traffickers-6736135669

Le frenate italiane non convincono più nessuno, dopo che Gentiloni, Pinotti, Renzi e la Mogherini hanno spinto verso gli "interventi militari mirati" in Libia, a partire dal piano in dieci punti presentato al Consiglio europeo straordinario del 23 aprile scorso a Bruxelles. Adesso rischiano di cadere nella trappola del gioco sporco alla guerra rilanciato dal governo Cameron dopo la vittoria elettorale.

http://www.rainews.it/dl/rainews/articoli/Immigrazione-Gentiloni-Nessun-intervento-militare-in-Libia-6421cb88-9724-42e9-9bf6-5e3438ee7171.html

http://www.quotidiano.net/scafisti-indietro-tutta-di-roma-no-all-intervento-armato-in-libia-1.959588

I preparativi per una serie di "interventi militari mirati" in mare, e sembrerebbe anche in territorio libico, anche prima dell'eventuale mandato conferito dal Consiglio di Sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite, sembrano già avviati, e saranno in discussione anche domani a Malta, magari senza troppa pubblicità...

https://euobserver.com/justice/128719

Euobserver - BRUSSELS, 15. May 2015

EU preparing to start migrant operation before UN approval



    The EU's anti-piracy mission off Somalia, Atalanta, is to be a model for EU Navfor Med (Photo: eunavfor)

By Andrew Rettman

BRUSSELS, 15. May, 09:29

The EU is preparing to move ahead on its anti-migrant smuggling operation, EU Navfor Med, in the Mediterranean Sea prior to UN approval, while fretting (preoccuparsi) over the potential loss of life the mission could entail.

A 20-page blueprint, prepared by the EU foreign service ahead of ministers’ talks on Monday (18 May), and seen by EUobserver, notes that intelligence-gathering and “seizure” of ships can begin without a UN Security Council (UNSC) mandate in a “Chapter VII” resolution.

The paper says the EU doesn’t need UN approval to begin surveillance of potential targets (Photo: United Nations Photo)

The paper says the EU doesn’t need the UN’s say-so to start “force generation”, or to task the EU’s satellite centre in Spain and member states’ aircraft to begin surveillance of potential targets.

It notes that “if using assets other than satellites” it would require “host nation approval” from Libya, Egypt, or Tunisia.

It adds that if the smugglers’ ships have a national flag, they can only be seized “with the consent of this [flag-issuing] state”. But they can still be "boarded" and "searched" even without the state's approval.

If they don’t fly any flag, they can be seized “provided that the warship conducting the seizure is so authorized under its own national law”, or boarded and searched “even in the absence of a warship having its own national legal approval”.

The EU foreign service chief, Federica Mogherini, appealed to the UN for a Chapter VII mandate last week, with EU leaders hoping to launch the operation in June.

Russia, a UNSC veto-holder, has voiced opposition.

For his part, German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said in the margins of a Nato meeting in Turkey on Thursday: “My impression is that there is no veto in principal from one of the veto powers in the Security Council”.

But the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), a Geneva-based intergovernmental body, has voiced “serious concerns” over the EU military plan.

The UN’s special envoy on migration, former EU commissioner Peter Sutherland, has also warned “innocent refugees”, including children, could be placed “in the line of fire”.

If the EU gets its Chapter VII, it aims to start “destruction of smugglers vessels and assets on the high seas” and in the “sovereign territorial waters” of host states whether or not those countries or the boats’ flag-issuing states agree.

It is to involve: “Boarding teams; patrol units (air and maritime); amphibious assets; destruction air, land and sea, including special forces units”.

It also aims to park warships in Libyan waters in order to “deter” migrant smugglers and traffickers.

It notes, despite Mogherini statements to the contrary, that “a presence ashore might be envisaged if agreement was reached with relevant authorities” for the sake of “seizure and/or physical destruction of smuggling-enabling assets (e.g. boats, fuel dumps, embarkation facilities) … at anchor, alongside or ashore”.

Loss of life

The EU blueprint makes it clear that people are likely to get killed.

Echoing the IOM and Sutherland’s concerns, it says: “Non-compliant boarding operations against smugglers in the presence of migrants has a high risk of collateral damage including the loss of life”.

With no central government in control in Libya, it says: “the existence of heavy military armaments (including coastal artillery batteries) and military capable militias present a robust threat to EU ships and aircraft operating in the vicinity”.

It adds: “The terrorist presence in the region also constitutes a security threat. Action taken ashore could be undertaken in a hostile environment”.

It also warns that: “Any casualties as a result of EU action could trigger a negative response from the local population and the wider region, jeopardising support and follow-up”.

The paper says the operation should initially last one year. But its exit strategy indicates it’s likely to last longer.

The EU paper says it should only be wound down when Libyan authorities “demonstrate sufficient control of the Libyan coast to tackle the smuggling of migrants”.

It adds that “kinetic action along Libyan coasts might oblige smugglers to shift their tactics and change their departure sites, eventually relocating them in neighbouring countries”.

To an extent, the shift is already taking place.

Fabrice Leggeri, the head of the EU’s Warsaw-based border control agency, Frontex, told the Associated Press on Thursday: "There is a shift from the central Mediterranean to the eastern Mediterranean" as people try to get from Turkey to Greece by sea.

"They are moving very quickly, so we have to be flexible."



Tra i "falchi" europei la Gran Bretagna, che, visto fallito il tentativo di arginare i profughi nei paesi di primo ingresso, per il fallimento dei sistemi di controllo dettati dai Regolamenti Dublino III ed Eurodac, mentre continua a rifiutare l'ingresso di un solo profugo nel suo territorio, arma pattuglie congiunte con i francesi a Calais e spinge verso un intervento militare in Libia per bloccare le partenze verso l'Europa.

http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/577809/UK-troops-smash-migrants-trade-Royal-Marines-stop-flood-refugees-Libya

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/13/migrant-crisis-eu-plan-to-strike-libya-networks-could-include-ground-forces

http://www.politico.eu/article/boots-on-what-ground/

 Inglesi ed Italiani hanno spinto fortissimo verso la guerra. Adesso vedremo le conseguenze. La guerra agli scafisti, ma in realtà l'intervento militare in Libia, già dati per scontati prima della conclusione del vertice di Malta.

EU foreign and defence ministers are meeting today to approve a naval mission to destroy boats used by people-smugglers operating in the Mediterranean out of Libya. The scheme under discussion represents a break from the usual conduct of EU affairs which favours political and economic intervention over armed cooperation.

http://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2015/05/18/eus-military-mission-in-the-mediterranean-to-be-approved-today/

Le navi da guerra inglesi sono già davanti alle coste libiche, e non certo per salvare migranti.

http://www.liberoquotidiano.it/news/esteri/11788947/Mediterraneo--l-allarme-dalla-Marina.html

 E qualcuno cerca anche una giustificazione per gli attacchi alle imbarcazoni dei trafficanti, perchè senza bandiera, ma nessuna interpretazione del diritto internazionale li consente con le modalità che stanno progettando tra Bruxelles e Malta.

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20150517/local/eu-doesnt-need-mandate-to-seize-flagless-migrant-boats.568582

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/05/11/europe-s-insane-plan-to-destroy-migrant-boats.html

 Sarebbe tempo che intervenisse la Corte di Giustizia dell'Unione Europea, come fece già in occasione di una modifica unilaterale del Regolamento Frontex del 2010, per salvaguardare le prerogative del Parlamento Europeo ed i principi fondativi della Carta dei diritti fondamentali dell'Unione Europea e dei Trattati.
 
SENTENZA DELLA CORTE (Grande Sezione)
5 settembre 2012 (*)
«Codice frontiere Schengen – Decisione 2010/252/UE – Sorveglianza delle frontiere marittime esterne – Introduzione di modalità supplementari in materia di sorveglianza delle frontiere – Competenze di esecuzione della Commissione – Portata – Domanda di annullamento»

http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=126363&pageIndex=0&doclang=IT&mode=lst&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=534308

http://www.questionegiustizia.it/articolo/smuggling-di-migranti_11-10-2014.php

Intanto le autorità libiche continuano a bloccare centinaia di migranti dopo la partenza o poco prima dell'imbarco. Con la collaborazione di "vari servizi di sicurezza" di nazionalità non meglio specificata. Collaborano anche le navi militari europee ? Sarebbero respingimenti collettivi vietati dalla Corte Europea dei diritti dell'Uomo. Di certo per chi viene riportato in Libia riprendono torture, stupri e sequestri a scopo di estorsione. Con lo sguardo compiaciuto di tanti governi europei.

http://m.tiscali.it/articolo.php?article=http%3A%2F%2Fnotizie.tiscali.it%2Festeri%2Ffeeds%2F15%2F05%2F17%2Ft_141_20150517_000028.html

 Roma, 17 mag. (askanews) - Le autorità del governo libico di Tripoli, non riconosciuto internazionalmente, hanno annunciato di aver fermato 400 migranti, tra i quali diverse donne incinte, mentre all'alba di oggi si preparavano per imbarcarsi alla volta dell'Europa.Molti dei migranti erano di nazionalità somala ed etiope e, tra loro, c'erano "donne incinte", ha detto Mohammed Abdelsalam al Kuwiti, che guida l'unità anti-immigrazione del governo di Tripoli. Secondo quanto ha riferito, i migranti stavano per partire da Tajura, a est della capitale.L'operazione, secondo quanto sostiene il governo dominato dall'alleanza Fajr Libya e non riconosciuto dall'Occidente, avrebbe avuto un "coordinamento tra vari servizi di sicurezza".

"Oltre ogni immaginazione"  le torture inflitte ai migranti in territorio libico, senza che nessun paese europeo affronti la questione cruciale dell'apertura di canali umanitari. Si insiste ancora nel Processo di Khartoum e si continua a collaborare con le peggiori dittature del pianeta. Davvero la fine dell'Europa dei diritti, quella in cui ancora credono tanti che rischiano la vita per arrivarci.

https://www.jrs.net/assets/Regions/IOR/media/files/jrs-beyond-imagination1.pdf

http://www.africa-express.info/2015/05/05/bashir-rieletto-presidente-del-sudan-mentre-aumenta-la-violenza-contro-profughi-eritrei/

Vogliamo fare un piccolo sforzo di memoria per ricordare che ruolo giocava la missione EUBAM Libia dell'Unione Europea nel 2013 ?


EU 'mentors' helping Libya stop unwanted migrants
14.10.13 @ 09:30
Related
1.      By Andrew Rettman
2.     Andrew email
BRUSSELS - The EU is building up a team of heavily-guarded men to help Libya stop unwanted migrants and to collect intelligence.
The operation, Eubam Libya, currently boils down to 40-or-so EU countries' experts and EU officials.
Led by a Finnish customs chief, they began to arrive in April and they are living and working at the Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli - the same spot where gunmen briefly kidnapped the Libyan PM last week.
They plan to open a normal HQ by 1 December.
They aim to have 80 EU staff by March and 111 when fully up and running. They will also have 54 local helpers and 54 bodyguards.
Their job, the EU foreign service says, is not to do patrols or searches, but to help the Libyan government draft a "border management strategy" and to "improve the legal and institutional framework of border management." They will also teach "technical skills" to Libyan customs officers by "training and mentoring."
The €30-million-a-year operation is not philanthropic, however.
With Libya an important transit point for African migrants to Europe, the EU foreign service told EUobserver that Eubam "should, in due course, strengthen the Libyan authorities' ability to manage border crimes, including trafficking of people and illegal migration."
It added that the EU border control agency, Frontex, is also planning "concrete … activities" in Libya under Eubam's flag.
Meanwhile, the new HQ in Tripoli will become an EU intelligence asset.
People at the Corinthia Hotel are currently guarded by Argus, a small French firm, which also looks after the EU embassy in Libya.
But the foreign service is hiring either Aegis, a large British private security company, or GardaWorld, a big Canadian firm, to protect Eubam for €6.2 million a year from 1 November.
According to an EU tender document, Aegis or GardaWorld will set up "a 24/7 operations and control room" to give "high quality security situation analysis" and to file "security reports daily, weekly, monthly and six monthly" to EU structures.
Unusually, the private guards' top cadre must be pre-cleared by national intelligence services to handle files classified "EU SECRET."
The tender document gives an insight into Eubam's day-to-day work.
It says its "primary focus" is in Tripoli, where it will "host VIPs as well as other guests."
But it will also open "field offices" and has permission to go anywhere in the vast, desert nation. It will have a fleet of 18 bullet-proof jeeps equipped with satellite phones and 18 "soft-skinned" 4x4 cars.
The tender paper also indicates to what extent the EU staff are risking their lives.
It says: "The current trend of serious criminal incidents (armed robberies, kidnappings, etc.) and increased inter-factional clashes will continue and the indications are that they will become more pronounced during the lifespan of the mission."
It adds: "The armed clashes [might] escalate to such a degree as to make Eubam-L unable to function."
Eubam is to buy an ambulance and several of its bodyguards are required to have paramedical qualifications.
The guards will wear bullet-proof vests and helmets. They will also carry 9mm pistols and long-barrelled rifles or automatic rifles.
If EU staff go outside Tripoli, they "will require a minimum of two vehicles and CPT [close protection teams] and in some cases an advanced team and chase team."
If they go to the southern border, Peter Bouckaert, a Libya specialist at the US-based NGO, Human Rights Watch (HRW), says they will be entering "a no-go area, even for Libyan security forces … it's a closed military zone where you have extremists, such as al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, and criminal smuggling networks, who have looted stock from Libya's arsenals and who have big financial interests."
'Brave venture'
For his part, Richard Dalton, a British ambassador to Libya in 1999 to 2002 under the late Colonel Gaddafi, described Eubam as "a very brave venture."
He told EUobserver it should help Libya develop surveillance and interception capabilities and that it should work closely with the post-Gaddafi elite.
He advised Eubam to convene a committee of top officials from Libya's justice and interior ministries, the judiciary, the Oil Facilities Protection Force and from its "emerging" intelligence service and to give them "ownership" of the project.
"If the EU simply trains a group of customs officers but they don't integrate them and their know-how into Libyan institutions, they will fail," he noted.
Dalton said Gaddafi had mixed results in managing migration.
He did it by making Libyan people into informants in a culture of fear: When a truck carrying migrants stopped to refuel on the 1,000-km journey from the south to the Mediterranean, the petrol station chief would call the police.
He also did it by making deals with Chad, Niger and Sudan and by paying off what Dalton called the "big men" on either side of Libya's southern border who run the smuggling trade.
"If you want to control borders, you need a deep security policy and a deep foreign policy," Dalton said.
Migration aside, Nick Witney, the former head of the EU's security think tank, the European Defence Agency in Brussels, said Eubam can promote broader EU interests in the oil-rich country.
"It's a way of making contacts and building influence. Ultimately, it's what the CSDP [the Union's common security and defence policy] ought to be about. In two or three years' time, if Libya stabilises and a strong central government emerges, you want to be among those who were helpful from the start," he noted.
Given last week's mass-drownings of African migrants on EU coastlines, HRW's Bouckaert urged the EU not to lose sight of its humanitarian responsibility, however.
"We have to remember that we are dealing with human beings who are fleeing poverty and conflict and we have to make sure that we put in place processes which stop further loss of life," he said.
"We must try to stop the huge level of abuse against these people instead of just trying to keep them out," he added.
'Favourable image'
In terms of building influence in Libya, the EU foreign service is treading on eggshells.
Last year, it annoyed Tripoli by hiring a British security firm, G4S, to guard the EU embassy without asking the government for a permit.
The Eubam tender says the "mission requires a favourable image" and that bodyguards must act with "courtesy."
It notes that if worst comes to worst, the EU guards might have to shoot somebody: "If the threat of a harmful act is perceived as imminent or a harmful act is initiated, the first task is to cover/protect and evacuate the principal out of danger. If the threat cannot be avoided, the responsibility of the CPO [close protection officer] may be to neutralise the threat."
But it says use of force must be in line with Libyan law and with a UN convention on private security.
It also says bodyguards must keep a low profile and avoid looking like EU-badge-wearing mercenaries.
It stipulates "the service provider shall ensure that no EU or Eubam reference shall be included on the nameplates or the uniforms supplied by the service provider."
Going into real nitty-gritty, it adds: "Sunglasses may be worn, provided however those eyeglasses that are faddish in style or in colour … shall not be worn. Mirrored or opaque sunglasses may not be worn."














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Presentazione

Un blog perché la cronaca quotidiana non diventi assuefazione, per contrastare la rimozione di problemi che sono prodotto di scelte politiche e di prassi amministrative che si nascondono dietro le retoriche dell'emergenza e della sicurezza. Prima di Lampedusa, prima dello sbarco, cronache di viaggi che spesso terminano in tragedie, poi notizie raccolte nei luoghi di sbarco e di accoglienza, dove si diffonde la detenzione informale e dove i diritti fondamentali dei migranti vengono compressi da una discrezionalità che si sottrae a qualsiasi controllo giurisdizionale, infine testimonianze di viaggio verso altri paesi, per trovare quel futuro e quella dignità che lItalia non garantisce più. E dunque fatti, persone, non numeri o dati, un racconto quotidiano che diventa memoria, ma anche impulso per modificare, in Italia ed in Europa, il quadro legislativo e le procedure applicate.


Diritti sotto sequestro