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lunedì 26 ottobre 2015

Il vertice sulla rotta balcanica schiera eserciti e polizie contro i migranti. Si vogliono istituire campi-ghetto in Africa nell'ambito del Processo di Khartoum. Verso il suicidio dell'Unione Europea. Tsipras non ci sta, Renzi obbedisce, Alfano respinge. Ed Erdogan incassa.


Si è svolto domenica scorsa un importante vertice nel quale alcuni paesi UE e tutti gli stati interessati dalla nuova "Rotta balcanica" hanno cercato delle contromisure per arginare il flusso imponente di profughi, prevalentemente siriani, che stanno marciando a piedi verso gli stati del nordeuropa, e per esternalizzare al di fuori dei confini dell'Unione Europea i controlli di frontiera e la selezione dei richiedenti asilo, dopo il fallimento evidente e del tutto prevedibile degli HOT SPOTS in Grecia ed in Italia. I migranti in marcia non si fermano con le barriere di filo spinato e con i cannoni ad acqua o con i manganelli.

http://newirin.irinnews.org/hotspot-solution-deepens-refugee-crisis

http://www.eastjournal.net/archives/66115

HOT SPOTS sui quali per mesi si è imbastita una gigantesca operazione mediatica per dimostrare che gli stati europei, ed in particolare Grecia ed Italia, avrebbero dovuto fare di più per identificare i profughi subito dopo l'ingresso nel loro territorio e per espellere, con misure di polizia sottratte ad un effettivo controllo giurisdizionale,  quelli che arbitrariamente venivano privati della possibilità di chiedere asilo in quanto ritenuti "migranti economici", provenienti da "paesi terzi sicuri".

http://www.asgi.it/approfondimenti-speciali/espulsioni-a-pozzallo-la-denuncia-di-msf/

http://www.asgi.it/approfondimenti-speciali/fondazione-migrantes-perplessita-sulle-procedure-negli-hotspots/

Le operazioni di "rilocazione" da Grecia ed Italia verso altri paesi procedono ancora a rilento e rimangono operazioni di facciata per giustificare la detenzione di chi rifiuta di farsi prelevare le impronte digitali ed i respingimenti collettivi dei migranti economici. Lontane le prospettive di modifica del Regolamento Dublino. Aumentano soltanto le squadre di Frontex inviate a sorvegliare il comportamento delle polizie di frontiera degli stati più esposti. Tutto sembra dipendere dagli accordi con la Turchia di Erdogan. Sulla pelle dei migranti e della minoranza kurda.

http://www.youreporter.it/video_Profughi_Slovenia_Fuori_al_freddo_i_bambini_sono_malati

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/26/eu-and-balkan-leaders-agree-migration-plan

http://www.amnesty.eu/en/news/press-releases/all/eu-balkans-summit-must-avert-a-looming-refugee-disaster-as-winter-nears-0938

http://www.straitstimes.com/world/turkey-urges-eu-to-fulfill-pledges-to-tackle-migrants

http://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/261015/apres-ankara-letat-turc-aurait-pu-empecher-toutes-ces-personnes-de-mourir-et-il-ne-la-pas-fait

Poi ci sono quelli che devono scrivere sempre che è stato raggiunto un accordo. Lo scrivono da mesi ed i risultati si vedono. Le identificazioni forzate attraverso il prelievo delle impronte digitali, subito dopo l'ingresso sono una "condizione impossibile". Il sistema Dublino/Eurodac era stato pensato per un numero minimo di ingressi e di ritrasferimnti. E l'Unione Europea si ostina a non applicare la Direttiva 2001/51/CE, prevista proprio in caso di afflusso massiccio di profughi. Si inventano regole e prassi di polizia al di fuori dello stato di diritto e non si applicano Direttive vigenti che potrebbero contribuire a risolvere i problemi. Si sono messe in movimento centinaia di migliaia di persone. Sarebbe meglio parlare di registrazione e di corridoi umanitari.

http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/mondo/europa/2015/10/26/migranti-accordo-in-extremis-sui-balcani-a-bruxelles_472dffce-abe2-4c2f-b35f-31c44eed2317.html

I vertici "informali" dell'Unione Europea, con il concorso degli stati balcanici, stanno precostituendo le condizioni per un disastro umanitario senza precedenti, che potrà fare più vittime degli oltre 3000 migranti che quest'anno hanno perso la vita nelle acque del Mediterraneo.

https://noborderserbia.wordpress.com/2015/10/23/a-short-note-on-the-humanitarian-corridor-hypocrisy-of-fortress-europe/

Leaders' Meeting on refugee flows along the Western Balkans Route
Leaders’ Statement

 
At the invitation of the President of the European Commission, the Heads of State or Government of Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia, in the presence of the President of the European Parliament, the President of the European Council, the current and incoming Presidencies of the Council of the EU as well as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), agreed the following statement:


"The unprecedented flow of refugees and migrants along the Eastern Mediterranean-Western Balkans route is a challenge that will not be solved through national actions alone. Only a determined, collective cross-border approach in a European spirit, based on solidarity, responsibility, and pragmatic cooperation between national, regional and local authorities can succeed. Unilateral action may trigger a chain reaction. Countries affected should therefore talk to each other. Neighbours should work together along the route, as well as upstream with countries such as Turkey, as host to the largest number of refugees. This is the only way to restore stability to the management of migration in the region, ease the pressure on the over-stretched capacity of the countries most affected, and to slow down the flows.
All countries have responsibilities and obligations under international law, in particular the Geneva Convention, and EU Member States have to fully respect EU law. Refugees need to be treated in a humane manner along the length of the Western Balkans route to avoid a humanitarian tragedy in Europe. Migrants who are not in need of international protection should be swiftly returned to their countries of origin.
We welcome the readiness of the European Commission, the UNHCR, Frontex and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), in accordance with their respective mandates, to support us in the swift implementation of the following operational measures as of Monday:
Permanent exchange of information and effective cooperation
1/ We will nominate contact points reporting directly to us to facilitate the exchange of information and coordination; we will nominate these contact points within 24 hours to allow daily exchanges and coordination to begin immediately to achieve the gradual, controlled and orderly movement of persons along the Western Balkans route;
2/ We will work with the European Commission to make use of all tools available at European and international level, including financial assistance, based on joint needs assessments to be launched within 24 hours; immediate efforts should be focused on the provision of temporary shelter and support for all arrivals as well as on organising swift and effective returns of migrants not in need of international protection.
Limiting Secondary Movements
3/ Under the current circumstances, we will discourage the movement of refugees or migrants to the border of another country of the region. A policy of waving through refugees without informing a neighbouring country is not acceptable. This should apply to all countries along the route.
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Supporting refugees and providing shelter and rest
4/ We commit to increasing the capacity of our countries to provide temporary shelter, rest, food, health, water and sanitation to all in need. Where these fall short, we commit to make our needs clear to the European Commission and, where appropriate, to trigger the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. Sufficient temporary accommodation should then be ensured along the Western Balkans route. We commit to immediately exchange information about our capacity to provide shelter to ensure its optimal shared and coordinated use, where requested;
5/ We welcome Greece's intention to increase reception capacity to 30.000 places by the end of the year and commit to supporting Greece and UNHCR to provide rent subsidies and host family programmes for at least 20.000 more. Financial support for Greece and the UNHCR is expected. This is an important precondition to make the emergency relocation system work;
6/ We will work with the UNHCR who has committed to support our efforts in improving our capacities. An additional capacity of 50.000 would allow for a better and more predictable management of the flow. We request that the UNHCR support be strengthened immediately in particular as regards reception capacity and the provision of humanitarian support. We will work with EASO on an exchange of information in this regard;
7/ We will engage in immediate operational contacts with International Financial Institutions such as the European Investment Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the Development Bank of the Council of Europe which are ready to support financially efforts to provide shelter of the countries willing to make use of these resources. We commit to engaging with these International Financial Institutions to act in a coordinated manner. We welcome the readiness of the European Commission to call a coordination meeting with these International Financial Institutions within a week.
Managing the migration flows together
8/ We will ensure a full capacity to register arrivals, with maximum use of biometric data, notably fingerprints; this is vital in particular at the point of first entry into the EU. Registration does not replace the obligation for EU Member States of mandatory registration in line with the common European asylum system rules;
9/ We will immediately exchange information via the contact points on the size and movement of flows through our countries, in particular the number of refugees and migrants belonging to vulnerable groups, and where requested on all arriving refugees and migrants on our territories;
10/ We will work with EU agencies in particular Frontex and EASO to swiftly put in place this exchange of information; these EU agencies are invited to provide technical assistance in this endeavour and to advise on the information to be exchanged and on the frequency of exchanges;
11/ We commit to step up our national and coordinated efforts to swiftly return migrants not in need of international protection in full respect of their dignity and human rights. This is vital in particular at the point of first entry into the EU. Frontex and EASO are invited to provide technical assistance;
12/ We will work with the European Commission and Frontex to step up practical cooperation on readmission with third countries; cooperation will be intensified with Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, in particular in the area of returns. We call for full implementation of the existing readmission agreements. We invite the European Commission to
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start working on readmission agreements with relevant countries with which such agreements are not yet in place.
Border Management
13/ We commit to immediately increase our efforts to manage and regain control of our borders and increase the coordination of our actions relating to border management. This will include our strong support to the following measures to be decided and agreed in the relevant institutions and in accordance with the relevant procedures:
- Working closely with Turkey to finalise and implement the EU-Turkey Action Plan;
- Making full use of the potential of the EU-Turkey readmission agreement and the visa liberalisation roadmap;
- Upscaling the Poseidon Sea Joint Operation in Greece, in particular Frontex's presence in the Aegean Sea, and strengthening significantly Frontex support to Greece in registering and fingerprinting activities;
- Reinforcing Frontex support at the border between Bulgaria and Turkey;
- Immediate bilateral border-related confidence-building measures, in particular the strengthening of border cooperation, between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
- Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania will strengthen the management of the external land border. Frontex should assist Greece in the registration of refugees and migrants who have not yet been registered in the country;
- Increased UNHCR engagement at the border between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
- Working together with Frontex to monitor border crossings and support registration at Croatian-Serbian border crossing points;
- Strengthening the Frontex Western Balkans Risk Analysis Network with intensified reporting from all participants;
- The deployment in Slovenia within a week of 400 police officers and essential equipment through bilateral support;
Where appropriate, countries will make use of the Rapid Border Intervention Team (RABIT) mechanism, which should be duly equipped;
14/ We reconfirm the principle that a country may refuse entry to third country nationals who, when presenting themselves at border crossing points, do not confirm a wish to apply for international protection (in line with international and EU refugee law, subject to a prior non-refoulement and proportionality check).
Tackling smuggling and trafficking
15/ We commit to enhance police and judicial cooperation and to step up actions against migrant smuggling and trafficking of human beings. We call on Europol, Frontex and Interpol to support Western Balkans route-wide operations to combat people smuggling.
Information on the rights and obligations of refugees and migrants
16/ In order to discourage perilous journeys and recourse to smugglers, we commit to make use of all available communication tools to inform refugees and migrants about existing rules, as well as about their rights and obligations, notably on the consequences of a refusal to be registered, fingerprinted and of a refusal to seek protection where they are. We call on the UNHCR to support national authorities in this regard.
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Monitoring
17/ We invite the European Commission to monitor the implementation of these commitments on a weekly basis, in coordination with the national contact points."


http://www.statewatch.org/news/2015/oct/eu-com-west-balkans-plan-full-statement.pdf

Solo il primo ministro greco Tsipras, pur cedendo su alcuni punti, soprattutto per quanto riguarda i rapporti tra UE e governo turco, ha detto chiaramente di non condividere la maggior parte del piano, mentre il governo italiano, che non è stato neppure invitato alla riunione, rimane obbediente seguace delle direttive impartite dalla Merkel e da Hollande, continua a stanziare rilevanti cifre per interventi militari all'estero, compreso quello che rimane della Libia. Un paese la Libia, nel quale la sorte dei migranti arrestati durante i tentativi di partenza verso l'Italia è segnata da violenze ed abusi quotidiani, soprattutto a danno delle ragazze più giovani e dei minori. Ma questo ai politici ed alle polizie che premono per bloccare i "trafficanti" sembra non interessare affatto.

http://www.libyaobserver.ly/videos/migrants-arrest

 Una politica estera perdente, quella italiana portata avanti dal ministro Gentiloni e dal ministro della difesa pinotti, che si inquadra nel fallimento più ampio della politica estera europea, un fallimento impersonato nella Commissaria UE Mogherini, ancora alla ricerca di un consenso da parte del Consiglio di sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite per la missione militare EUNAVFOR MED nel Mediterraneo centrale. Si moltiplicano gli allarmi, vengono ritirate le missioni di ricerca e alvataggio, tra la Libia e la Sicilia rimangono solo i mezzi umanitari di KOAS e di MSF, e le navi della Guardia costiera italiana.

 "Smugglers will adapt as long as there is a market to exploit, warn UN experts on migrant rights"

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsId=52358#.Vi5S3PGFNsc

La prossima conferenza di Malta dei prossimi 11 e 12 novembre a La Valletta sancirà questo fallimento e relegherà l'Italia a al ruolo di guardiano del bastione meridionale della fortezza Europa,  ruolo che Alfano sta interpretando nel modo peggiore possibili con provevdimenti di respingimenro, di espulsione e di trattenimento nei CIE che si pongono al di fuori dello stato di diritto e delle regole minime imposte dalle vigenti direttive dell'Unione Europee.

http://www.africa-express.info/2015/10/26/italia-e-sudan-riprendono-i-colloqui-per-bloccare-il-flusso-dei-migranti/

Direttive e Regolamenti europei che stabiliscono regole che non possono essere stravolte da atti d'imperio degli esecutivi o da provvedimenti amministrativi delle forze di polizia. Se in Italia non sono diventati carta straccia gli articoli 2,3,10,13 e 24 della nostra Costituzione, e se hanno ancora una qualche valenza precettiva i principi affermati nella Convenzione Europea a salvaguardia dei diritti dell'Uomo e dalla Carta dei diritti fondamentali dell'Unione Europea che riconosce il diritto di asilo senza distinzione di paese di provenienza come un diritto soggettivo individuale e vieta i respingimenti e le espulsioni collettive.

Last update: 05:43

Three proposals that included the creation of a ghetto for 50,000 refugees in Attica were rejected, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said early on Monday, following the conclusion in Brussels of a mini-Summit of European leaders on migration.
In statements to the press following the meeting, Tsipras said that the three proposals included the creation of the equivalent of a city, with 50,000 refugees, within Greece; the option of an EU country to bar entry to refugees from another EU country, which would have created a domino effect stressing Greece; and a new operation by EU border police Frontex in northern Greece to check migratory flows towards the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).
In explaining the rejection of each of the proposals, the PM said that in the first case, the summit accepted Greece's counter-proposal of receiving help with rent subsidies for 20,000 refugees for as long as they remain in Greece. This would contribute to the growth of the Greek economy, he said, while it would allow refugees to become integrated socially in Greece.
The second rejected proposal was replaced with notifying the country of passage of the number of refugees it is responsible for.
The third proposal related to the guarding of borders, which is exclusively the responsibility of a nation; the only contribution Frontex could provide, he said, would be to register or identify those refugees who had not been processed at points of entry on the Greek islands. He estimated that these cases would be very few, since most refugees on islands request registration.


http://www.amna.gr/english/article/11750/PM-Tsipras:-Greece-rejects-proposal-for-refugee-ghetto--EU-accepts-govt-alternative

http://www.infoaut.org/index.php/blog/varie/item/15726-comunicato-dei-soldati-delle-forze-armate-greche-no-alla-guerra-contro-i-migranti-non-reprimiamo-le-lotte-sociali

Intanto si sta sgretolando l'Europa di Schengen, la politica degli egoismi nazionali produce reazioni a catena, come la politica dell'improvvisa apertura di massa, ma solo per siriani, eritrei e irakeni, decisa dalla Germania della Merkel.

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/e-library/documents/policies/borders-and-visas/general/docs/commission_opinion_necessity_proportionality_controls_internal_borders_germany_austria_en.pdf






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Presentazione

Un blog perché la cronaca quotidiana non diventi assuefazione, per contrastare la rimozione di problemi che sono prodotto di scelte politiche e di prassi amministrative che si nascondono dietro le retoriche dell'emergenza e della sicurezza. Prima di Lampedusa, prima dello sbarco, cronache di viaggi che spesso terminano in tragedie, poi notizie raccolte nei luoghi di sbarco e di accoglienza, dove si diffonde la detenzione informale e dove i diritti fondamentali dei migranti vengono compressi da una discrezionalità che si sottrae a qualsiasi controllo giurisdizionale, infine testimonianze di viaggio verso altri paesi, per trovare quel futuro e quella dignità che lItalia non garantisce più. E dunque fatti, persone, non numeri o dati, un racconto quotidiano che diventa memoria, ma anche impulso per modificare, in Italia ed in Europa, il quadro legislativo e le procedure applicate.


Diritti sotto sequestro