- ► 2016 (157)
- Strage continua nel Mediterraneo, ancora morti e d...
- La Turchia non è un "paese terzo sicuro", come con...
- Il vertice sulla rotta balcanica schiera eserciti ...
- In Libia decine di cadaveri rigettati dalle onde s...
- Dalla frontiera turca ai confini sloveni l'Europa ...
- L'Unione Europea apre i primi "Hot Spots" a Lesbo ...
- Nuove direttive del ministero dell'interno violano...
- A Palermo il 12 e 13 novembre 2015 una Conferenza ...
- Rimpatri forzati in Nigeria. La Cassazione afferma...
- I dati smentisono FRONTEX, mentre proseguono i res...
- In attesa dell'Hot Spot che verrà. Nel centro di s...
- Proseguono i respingimenti collettivi di egiziani ...
- Dietro la truffa degli Hot Spots, centinaia di min...
- Una nuova Troika europea commissaria Italia e Grec...
- EUNAVFOR MED passa alla fase due, cambia nome ed e...
- Alfano ed Avramopoulos firmano le prime ricollocaz...
- L'Unione Europea minaccia rimpatri impossibili, di...
- Fallisce in partenza la politica degli Hot Spot. A...
- Stragi invisibili nel Mediterraneo, mentre Frontex...
- Da Lampedusa e Pozzallo trattenimenti arbitrari, d...
- ▼ ottobre (20)
La Turchia non è un "paese terzo sicuro", come confermano le condanne che subisce dalla Corte Europea dei diritti dell'Uomo. Chi tratta con Erdogan si sporca le mani di sangue. Realpolitik o disumanità ?
Ormai le regole dei trattati europei non valgono più, le decisioni politiche vengono assunte in vertici intergovernativi e si violano continuamente Direttive e Regolamenti, istituendo una lista di "paesi terzi sicuri" verso i quali rimpatriare quelli che verranno definiti come "migranti economici" ed ai quali sarà precluso l'accesso alle procedure per il riconoscimento della protezione internazionale, con la negazione del diritto individuale di asilo e dei diritti di difesa previsti dalle Convenzioni internazionali e dalle Costituzioni nazionali.
Gli stati balcanici che avevano chiesto misure repressive appaiono soddisfatti, ma la crisi umanitaria delle migliaia di persone intrappolate in Croazia e Slovenia diventa ogni giorno più grave.
In Italia succede già di tutto, le prassi applicate dalla polizia non tengono più conto di leggi e regolamenti ma dipendono sempre più da atti di indirizzo politico, alle frontiere stanno arrivando ovunque centinaia di agenti di Frontex, gli Hot Spot stanno cominciando a funzionare al di fuori di qualsiasi previsione di legge, prevale l'arbitrio di polizia e la logica dei corpi speciali separati. In questo modo si sta preparando l'ennesimo disastro umanitario.
Mentre i corpi dei migranti rimangono esposti ai freddi invernali ed alle violenze della polizia di frontiera, prosperano le industrie e le multinazionali della sicurezza, affari d'oro in vista per blindare le frontiere europee e la rotta balcanica. E tanta altra tecnologia della sicurezza sarà venduta ai paesi terzi per esternalizzare i controlli di frontiera e bloccare i migranti prima che possano partire per l'Europa.
La Turchia di Erdogan, alla vigilia di una prova elettorale difficilissima, si prepara a sancire la trasformazione dittatoriale dello stato. La stretta autoritaria di Erdogan sta mettendo a rischio la libertà di esprimere persino il proprio voto, come si restringe già la libertà di manifestazione del pensiero attraverso i social. Blogger e giornalisti democratici vengono arrestati ogni giorno e condannati a gravi pene detentive, solo per le opnioni che hanno espresso.
Published just weeks before the Turkish general election on 1 November, a scathing report commissioned by one of President Erdogan’s exiled opponents states that the Turkish government is inflicting “systematic human rights violations” on its judiciary, police and media. The 95 page report alleges that the AK party (Justice and Development Party) government has interfered to produce “supine” courts, censored websites, restricted freedom of expression, stifled corruption investigations and subjected detainees to degrading treatment.
Lo stato di guerra ritorna ad essere pretesto per legittimare lo stato di emergenza all'interno del paese, con la sospensione di tutte le libertà democratiche.
I migranti vengono utilizzati come merce di scambio con l'Europa che subisce il ricatto e non protesta contro gli abusi dell'alleato turco.
"Amnesty has been closely following the case of three refugees in Turkey who are at risk of deportation. The three men have been denied access to counsel or to visits from their families under conditions that amount to incommunicado detention and are in violation of both Turkish and international human rights law. Amnesty issued an urgent action to its members world wide to take action.
The situation, however, has grown more serious and immediate action is needed.
Amnesty International has just learned that yesterday afternoon, Ali Fares, Mohammed Fares and Abdalsalam Sakal were taken to and are currently being held at the Foreigners Branch of the Ankara Security Directorate. We understand they are being asked to agree to ‘voluntary return’ to Syria by signing a form. To our knowledge, they have yet not signed these forms. Amnesty International is trying to ensure they have access to a lawyer as a matter of urgency. To date the three men have not had access to a lawyer.
We are very concerned that they will be forced to sign the ‘voluntary’ return forms under duress and subsequently returned to Syria, in violation of the principle of non-refoulement. and Turkey’s obligations under international law".
Questo l'ultimo piano di collaborazione con la Turchia varato a Bruxelles per affrontare la "crisi migratoria". Neanche una parola sulle gravissime violazioni dei diritti umani in quel paese. Eppure le denunce non mancano.
European Commission - Fact Sheet
Draft Action Plan: Stepping up EU-Turkey cooperation on support of refugees and migration management in view of the situation in Syria and Iraq
This Action Plan reflects the agreement between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Turkey to step up their cooperation on support of refugees and migration management in a coordinated effort to address the unprecedented refugee crisis created by the situation in Syria and Iraq. It follows from the EU-Turkey working dinner on 17 May and the informal meeting of the EU Heads of State or Government on 23 September 2015 where EU leaders called for a reinforced dialogue with Turkey at all levels. The Action Plan identifies a series of collaborative actions to be implemented as a matter of urgency by the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Turkey with the objective to assist Turkey in managing the situation of massive influx of refugees and preventing uncontrolled migratory flows from Turkey to the EU.
This Action Plan was elaborated jointly by the EU and Turkey. It constitutes an integral part of the on-going political dialogue and cooperation between the EU and Turkey. It builds upon the existing EU-Turkey relations, policy dialogue and cooperation instruments, and, more generally Turkey’s EU accession process. This includes in particular the visa liberalisation dialogue, the EU-Turkey readmission agreement and the EU instruments for the provision of financial assistance to Turkey. The implementation of this Action Plan would also contribute to accelerate Turkey's fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap benchmarks.
The Action Plan, which contains both short-term and medium term measures, tries to address the current crisis situation in two ways: (a) by supporting the refugees and their host communities in Turkey (Part I) and (b) by strengthening cooperation to prevent irregular migration flows to the EU (Part II). It builds on and is consistent with commitments taken by Turkey and the EU in other contexts notably the Visa Liberalisation Dialogue. In both parts it identifies the actions that are to be implemented simultaneously by Turkey and the EU.
The implementation of the Action Plan will allow the EU and Turkey to:
Under Part I of the action plan:
- Cover further emergency needs by providing immediate humanitarian assistance to the refugees;
- Alleviate the burden undertaken by the Turkish society to host more than 2.2 million refugees;
- Create better living conditions and medium and long-term perspectives for the refugees in Turkey; and
- Address key factors that push the refugees to move from Turkey to the EU through irregular channels in search of alternative places of asylum.
- Prevent further arrivals of irregular migrants to Turkey and irregular departures of refugees and migrants from Turkey to the EU;
- Prevent losses of lives at sea by intensified search and rescue operations;
- Step up the fight against criminal networks involved in the smuggling of migrants; and
- Ensure prompt return to the point of origin of irregular migrants who are not in need of international protection and who were apprehended by the law enforcement agencies of the EU Member States or Turkey and support the reintegration of returnees to the countries of origin.
Part I: Supporting the Syrian and Iraqi refugees and their Turkish hosting communities
Turkey is making commendable efforts to provide massive humanitarian aid and support to an unprecedented and continuously increasing influx of refugees from Syria and Iraq which has exceeded 2.2 million to date. Turkey has already spent more than € 6.75 billion of its own resources on addressing this crisis.
Under this part of the Action Plan, the two parties will undertake the following actions:
The EU side intends to:
- Mobilise up to €1 billion for the period 2015-16 to support Turkey in coping with the challenge represented by the presence of Syrian and Iraqi refugees. The identification of the funds to be mobilised and the areas where they should be allocated will be discussed and agreed with the Turkish authorities. Priority should be given to actions providing immediate humanitarian assistance; provision of legal, administrative and psychological support to refugees; support for community centres; the enhancement of self-sufficiency and employability of refugees and their social inclusion; improved access to education at all levels; but also actions supporting host communities in areas such as infrastructures and services.
- Turkey could benefit from a fair share of the substantial increase of the EU Regional Trust Fund in response to the Syrian Crisis announced at the 23 September European Council.
- Continue to provide immediate and principled humanitarian assistance via humanitarian organisations in Turkey to address the most urgent humanitarian needs of refugees on the basis on their vulnerability in parallel and complementary to bilateral cooperation programmes aimed at addressing the needs created by the protracted refugee crisis.
- To ensure an efficient use of the additional funding, the EU institutions, in close cooperation with Turkey, will proceed with a comprehensive needs assessment as a basis for programming. The assessment would allow designing adequate short, medium and long-term actions to address the needs of the refugees and the communities and regions hosting refugees to cope with the inflow of people, notably in terms of infrastructures and economic competitiveness.
- Continue providing assistance to Syrian refugees hosted in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, as well as to Syrians displaced within Syria with the aim to contribute, inter alia, to the weakening of push factors forcing them to move towards Turkey. This new assistance intends to add to the over € 4.2 billion of total budget already mobilised by the Commission and Member States collectively in humanitarian, development, economic and stabilisation assistance to Syrians in their country and to refugees and their host communities in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt.
- Support existing Member State and EU resettlement schemes and programmes, which could enable refugees in Turkey to enter the EU in an orderly manner. Work on a structured EU-wide approach to resettlement shall be stepped-up.
- Continue and further enhance the effective implementation of the law on foreigners and international protection by adopting necessary secondary legislation and raising awareness of its content among all parties concerned.
- Ensure that migrants are registered and provided with appropriate documents on a compulsory basis to enable to build a stronger migration management strategy and system.
- Ensure that the asylum procedures that have been initiated are completed, so that the status of refugee is granted without delay to those whose asylum requests are positively assessed.
- Continue to adopt and implement policies, legislation and programmes facilitating self-sufficiency and inclusion of refugees into the Turkish society. This includes in particular the adoption of measures enabling refugees to have access, for the duration of their stay in Turkey, to labour market and public services including education for pupils and access to health services. As indicated above, EU funding can be used to support such measures. The measures should also enable refugees in need to settle in appropriate accommodations by facilitating their access to available shelters and building new ones. In this respect, priority will be given to the opening of the six refugee reception centres built with the EU co-funding.
- Ensure that vulnerable people (e.g. unaccompanied children on the move, victims of trafficking) are identified and taken care of.
Under this part of the Action Plan, measures will build on the visa liberalisation dialogue, the visa roadmap and the provisions of the EU-Turkey readmission agreement. To this end, the two parties intend to undertake the following actions:
The EU side intends to:
- Better inform refugees in Turkey about the risks linked to irregular departures as well as about the possibilities actually available to them to enter in an orderly manner into the European Union or in other countries, and the relevant procedures to be implemented.
- Support Turkey to strengthen its capacity to combat migrant smuggling, notably by reinforcing the Turkish Coast Guard patrolling and surveillance capacity.
- Support cooperation between EU Member States and Turkey in organising joint return operations, including reintegration measures, towards countries of origin of irregular migrants that are of interest to both sides.
- Support the development of dialogue and cooperation with the authorities of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and Bangladesh on preventing irregular migration, fighting against migrant smuggling and on improving the management of migration within the framework of the implementation of the "Silk Routes' Partnership for migration".
- Enhance the EU capacity to exchange information with Turkey on combating smuggling networks by deploying a FRONTEX liaison officer to Turkey and by cooperating with the liaison officers already deployed by Turkey in the EU.
- Increase the financial assistance offered to support Turkey in developing a well-functioning asylum, migration, visa and integrated border management system in line with the EU-Turkey visa dialogue.
- Strengthen the interception capacity of the Turkish Coast Guard, notably by upgrading its surveillance equipment, increasing its patrolling activity and search and rescue capacity, and stepping up its cooperation with the Hellenic Coast Guard.
- Step up cooperation and accelerate procedures in order to smoothly readmit irregular migrants who are not in need of international protection and were intercepted by Romanian, Greek or Bulgarian authorities coming from the Turkish territory in line with the established readmission obligations. Additional points for handing over of irregular migrants intercepted in the Aegean Sea should be opened.
- Step up cooperation with Bulgarian and Greek authorities to prevent irregular migration across their common land borders by effectively implementing the tri-partite agreement signed in May 2015 establishing a common centre in Capitan Andreevo.
- Strengthen the visa requirements and residence rules applicable in Turkey to nationals from countries that are potentially source of irregular migration for Turkey and the EU.
- Develop further its data analysis capacities with the view to better assessing and managing migration flows on its territory.
- Continue and further enhance the fight against criminal networks involved in the smuggling of migrants, notably by increasing operational cooperation between and among Turkish law enforcement authorities and their counterparts of the EU Member States and EU Agencies, including by strengthening rules on personal data protection. This would enhance the capacity relevant Turkish agencies to block in a timely manner the attempts of irregular departures and to investigate and dismantle smuggling networks.
- Intensify the exchange of information and cooperation with the EU and its Member States. In particular, it will work closely with Member States' immigration liaison officers located in Turkey, including at the airports, in view of intensifying the fight against migrants smuggling networks, and of accelerating the identification of fraudulent travel documents and real identities of migrants.
- Further intensify cooperation with FRONTEX by implementing the working arrangement.
La Turchia non è "un paese terzo sicuro" verso il quale si possono espellere o respingere persone in fuga, siano cittadini turchi che provenienti da paesi terzi come la Siria.
“Human rights and the rule of law in Turkey are at the worst level I’ve seen in the 12 years I’ve worked on Turkey’s human rights.”
Continuano a sommarsi le condanne subite dalla Turchia per le diffuse violazioni dei diritti umani.
L'Unione Europea prepara un ulteriore inasprimento delle misure di trattenimento dei migranti "irregolari" e di rimpatrio verso quelli che saranno definiti "paesi terzi sicuri". Intanto lo saranno quelli che hanno chiesto di entrare nell'Unione Europea, ed adesso lo chiede anche la Turchia. Se questo riconoscimento dovesse arrivare da Bruxelles per i kurdi in fuga non ci sarebbe più scampo.
EU Ministers declare applicant countries "safe" to send back asylum-seekers
La Turchia forte della connivenza silenziosa delle cancellerie europee, dopo avere chiesto di essere qualificata come "paese terzo sicuro", attacca i kurdi spingendosi in territorio siriano. Erdogan mantiene ancora il coltello dalla parte del manico, un ricatto che l'Unione Europea, divisa al suo interno, continua a subire.
Un blog perché la cronaca quotidiana non diventi assuefazione, per contrastare la rimozione di problemi che sono prodotto di scelte politiche e di prassi amministrative che si nascondono dietro le retoriche dell'emergenza e della sicurezza. Prima di Lampedusa, prima dello sbarco, cronache di viaggi che spesso terminano in tragedie, poi notizie raccolte nei luoghi di sbarco e di accoglienza, dove si diffonde la detenzione informale e dove i diritti fondamentali dei migranti vengono compressi da una discrezionalità che si sottrae a qualsiasi controllo giurisdizionale, infine testimonianze di viaggio verso altri paesi, per trovare quel futuro e quella dignità che lItalia non garantisce più. E dunque fatti, persone, non numeri o dati, un racconto quotidiano che diventa memoria, ma anche impulso per modificare, in Italia ed in Europa, il quadro legislativo e le procedure applicate.